Bells of Dawn

The New Human Revolution, "Bells of Dawn" Chapter, Installment 45

Volume 30, Chapter 4 (45)

By Daisaku Ikeda Hugo faced the threat of persecution by the increasingly autocratic French president Louis Napoléon (Napoleon III; 1808–73), and was forced into exile. He published Napoleon the Little and Les Châtiments (Castigations), scathingly denouncing the authoritarian leader. During his exile, Hugo also completed his masterpiece Les Misérables—just as Dante had completed his Divine

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