World Heritage List
The UNESCO World Heritage Committee inscribed 20 properties in 2018.
1. Chiribiquete National Park: “The Maloca of the Jaguar” • Colombia
Located in the northwestern Colombian Amazon, Chiribiquete National Park is the largest protected area in the country. One of the defining features of the park is the presence of tepuis (table-top mountains), sheer-sided sandstone plateau that dominate the forest and result in dramatic scenery that is reinforced by its remoteness and inaccessibility. Over 75,000 paintings, believed to be linked to the worship of the jaguar, a symbol of power and fertility, depict hunting scenes, battles, dances and ceremonies. They date from 20,000 BCE to the present day and are seen on the walls of the 60 rock shelters around the bases of the tepuis.
2. Naumburg Cathedral • Germany
Located in the eastern part of the Thuringian Basin, the Cathedral of Naumburg, whose construction began in 1028, is an outstanding testimony to medieval art and architecture. Its Romanesque structure, flanked by two Gothic choirs, demonstrates the stylistic transition from late Romanesque to early Gothic. The west choir, dating to the first half of the 13th century, reflects changes in religious practice and the appearance of science and nature in the figurative arts.
3. Ancient City of Qalhat • Oman
The property, which is located on the east coast of the Sultanate of Oman, includes the ancient city of Qalhat, surrounded by inner and outer walls, as well as areas beyond the ramparts where necropolises are located. The city developed as a major port on the east coast of Arabia between the 11th and 15th centuries CE, during the reign of the Hormuz princes. The Ancient City bears unique archaeological testimony to the trade links between the east coast of Arabia, East Africa, India, China and Southeast Asia.
4. Fanjingshan • China
Located within the Wuling mountain range in Guizhou Province (southwestern China), Fanjingshan is an island of metamorphic rock in a sea of karst, home to many plant and animal species that originated in the Tertiary period, between 65 million and 2 million years ago. The property’s isolation has led to a high degree of biodiversity with endemic species. Fanjingshan has the largest and most contiguous primeval beech forest in the subtropical region.
Adapted from an article on www.unesco.org.